Melasma

Melasma

Melasma is a very common condition that causes dark discoloration of the skin. It frequently occurs on the cheeks, bridge of their nose, forehead, chin, and upper lip of women, but it can also occur it men. It may also appear on other parts of the body that receive frequent sun exposure such as the shoulders, upper arms and chest. Melasma is not itchy, painful, or raised.

Causes of Melasma

Sun exposure plays a major role in the development of melasma. Ultraviolet light (UV) stimulates the skin’s melanocytes which causes darker pigmentation. A small amount of sun exposure can make melasma return after fading. Melasma often worsens in the summer due to increased sun exposure.

  • Visible light, such as light in a room or a computer screen can contribute to melasma.
  • Other UV sources such as light from sunroofs, window light in offices, car-side windows, or sunroofs.
  • Heat can also cause melasma, such as that caused by cooking and heat in areas with a warm climate. Wearing metal-rimmed sunglasses absorbs more heat and can worsen melasma. Frequent exposure to heating lamps, hair dryers, or lamps used to treat season affective disorder can be triggers.
  • Hormonal changes, such as those caused pregnancy, birth control pills, hormone-releasing intrauterine devices (IUDs), hormone replacement therapy, nursing, or extensive amounts of soy intake can also contribute to the development of melasma. Autoimmune thyroid disorders or chronic stress or adrenal dysfunction also trigger the melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH).
  • Phototoxic reactions caused by scented or deodorant soaps, toiletries, cosmetics, and fragrances.

Treatment of Melasma

Melasma is never cured; however, it can be maintained. Treatments to fade melasma include the use of:

  • Skin lightening/bleaching creams containing hydroquinone
  • Skin lightening pads
  • Chemical peels
  • Laser Treatments

Prevention and Maintenance of Melasma

Melasma often improves with treatment; however, it may take a few months of treatment to see improvement. Melasma may recur.

  • Sun protection is the most effective way to prevent melasma. Sunscreen with SPF 60 or more every day is recommended. We also recommend use of a wide-brimmed hat when exposed to the sun. Sunscreen should block UVA/UVB rays and visible light. Look for sunscreens containing iron oxide, which blocks visible light.
  • Discontinuing medications that affect hormones is the only way to prevent melasma from worsening if your melasma is triggered by hormonal changes.
  • Antihistamines can reduce melasma, as it has been found that increased mast cells, immune cells that cause allergies in the skin, have been associated with melasma.
  • Coffee, blueberries, and red wine contain antioxidants that have been found to help control melasma.
  • Niacinamide supplements have also been found to help with melasma because they inhibit melanocytic transfer (the transfer of pigment to the skin).

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Patient Testimonials

"So impressed with everyone there! Dr. Lily Talakoub is amazing and I would send anyone and everyone to her! I was referred by a girlfriend and I can't thank her enough! My Botox and fillers are far better than I expected and look 10 years younger. Plus it's a gorgeous and clean office and everyone is so sweet and helpful! Can't say enough good things about this place! Thank you for going beyond my expectations!" - Hannah G., Falls Church, VA

"Dr Lily is more knowledgeable than the derms I've been to in DC, she's also friendly and most important honest. She will actually tell you no if you don't need something. Love love this practice!!!" - Kelly L., Mclean, VA

"I've seen Dr. Lily twice - once for a consultation (adult acne and hyperpigmentation) and a second time for a Fraxel laser treatment. I got a great vibe from her the moment I met her and her staff is really top notch. They have always been kind, informative and honest. The ride to McLean is definitely worth it!" - Tarah S., Alexandria, VA

"5 star is not enough for Dr Lily and her staff!! She is the best dermatologist I have ever seen ... I have been to her office for both medical and cosmetics reasons and were happy with both!!! I highly recommend Dr Lily.. She is also very friendly and pretty :)." - Mahsa A., Reston, VA

"I strongly recommend McLean Dermatology and Skin Care Center. They were able to get me in the day after I called because they had a cancellation. I was going to have to wait approximately 6 months to get into other places in the area. Everyone is very friendly, and the office is beautiful, which is an added bonus!" - Jessica M., Mclean, VA

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